Retail Commercial Truck Dealership. In November 2014, we acquired a controlling interest in a heavy and medium duty truck dealership group located primarily in Texas and Oklahoma, which we renamed Premier Truck Group (“PTG”). Prior to the 2014 transaction, we held a 32% interest in PTG and accounted for this investment under the equity method. In 2015, we acquired an additional 5% of PTG, bringing our ownership interest to 96%. In April 2016, we acquired the remaining ownership interests of PTG, bringing our total ownership interest to 100%.
As of December 31, 2016, PTG operated twenty locations in the U.S. and Canada, including fourteen full-service dealerships offering primarily Freightliner and Western Star branded trucks. Two of these locations, Chattanooga and Knoxville, were acquired in February 2015. Four of these locations were acquired in April 2016 and represent Freightliner and Western Star in the greater Toronto, Canada market area. We acquired two additional retail commercial truck dealerships that also represent Freightliner in December 2016 in the Niagara Falls, Canada market area. PTG also offers a full range of used trucks available for sale as well as service and parts departments, many of which are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
This business represented 5.0% of our total revenues and 4.8% of our total gross profit in 2016.
Commercial Vehicle Distribution. We are the exclusive importer and distributor of Western Star heavy-duty trucks (a Daimler brand), MAN heavy and medium duty trucks and buses (a VW Group brand), and Dennis Eagle refuse collection vehicles, together with associated parts, across Australia, New Zealand and portions of the Pacific. This business, known as Penske Commercial Vehicles Australia (“PCV Australia”), distributes commercial vehicles and parts to a network of more than 70 dealership locations, including six company-owned retail commercial vehicle dealerships.
We are also a leading distributor of diesel and gas engines and power systems, principally representing MTU, Detroit Diesel, Mercedes-Benz Industrial, Allison Transmission and MTU Onsite Energy. This business, known as Penske Power Systems (“PPS”), offers products across the on- and off-highway markets in Australia, New Zealand and portions of the Pacific and supports full parts and aftersales service through a network of branches, field locations and dealers across the region. The on-highway portion of this business complements our existing PCV Australia distribution business.
These businesses represented 2.1% of our total revenues and 3.9% of our total gross profit in 2016.
Penske Truck Leasing. We currently hold a 23.4% ownership interest in Penske Truck Leasing Co., L.P. (“PTL”), a leading provider of transportation services and supply chain management. PTL is capable of meeting customers’ needs across the supply chain with a broad product offering that includes full-service truck leasing, truck rental and contract maintenance, along with logistic services such as dedicated contract carriage, distribution center management, transportation management and lead logistics provider. On July 27, 2016, we acquired an additional 14.4% ownership interest in PTL from subsidiaries of GE Capital Global Holdings, LLC (collectively, “GE Capital”) for approximately $498.5 million in cash to bring our total ownership interest to 23.4%. Prior to this acquisition, we held a 9.0% ownership interest in PTL. PTL is currently owned 41.1% by Penske Corporation, 23.4% by us, 20.0% by affiliates of Mitsui & Co., Ltd. (“Mitsui”), and 15.5% by GE Capital. We account for our investment in PTL under the equity method, and we therefore record our share of PTL’s earnings on our statements of income under the caption “Equity in earnings of affiliates,” which also includes the results of our other equity method investments.
2016 & 2017 Key Developments
Retail Automotive Dealership Acquisitions and Dispositions. In 2016, we acquired or were granted open points (new franchises awarded from the automotive manufacturer) representing twenty-seven automotive franchises, which represented approximately $700.0 million in annualized revenue. Twelve of the acquired franchises were acquired in July and represent our acquisition of a dealer group in the U.K., and seven of the acquired franchises were acquired in October in the Bologna, Italy market. To fund the Italian acquisitions, we invested additional capital into our Italian joint venture and now own 84% of that venture. In March 2016, we acquired an additional 8% interest in the Jacobs Group, one of our German automotive dealership joint ventures, and now own 68% of that joint venture. In 2016, we disposed of ten retail automotive franchises, which represented approximately $150.0 million in annualized revenue, and transitioned seventeen franchises which represented the Scion brand to our existing Toyota franchises.